Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla is the newly established national park designated in 2002 in the heart of the cultural triangle. Park spread over an area of 6656 hectares is connected to the corridor between nearby Minneriya Wildlife Park. This park has excellent potential for viewing mainly elephant and other species of wildlife. Topography is varied with hills, extensive grasslands around the Kaudulla reservoir, forest and scrub land. Kaudulla reservoirs is an ancient irrigation tank is the epicenter of the park. Historically Kaudulla was one of the 16 irrigation tanks in the area built by King Mahasen. Following a period of abandonment it was reconstructed in 1959. It now attracts and supports a variety of plant and animal life, including large mammals, fish and reptiles. Kaudulla is also playing a vital role in supporting large number of elephants that are part of the “elephant gathering” in Minneriya National park. As the two parks are located close proximity and maintain contiguous forest habitats, large number of elephants move freely between two parks. Kaudulla also connects Somawathiya National Park to the east. In the drought period Sri Lankan elephants move to the Minneriya tank to drink and feed. Around late September or early October the elephants move to the Kaudulla tank in search of more water and food. September and October are the best times to visit Kaudulla to enjoy the sight of large herd of elephant. In addition to the elephants, 160 species of bird including large water birds such as Spot-billed Pelican and Lesser Adjutant visit the Kaudulla tank. Asian Spoonbill, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Black-headed Ibis, Painted Stork and Open bill Stork are common sights at the park.

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