Kumana National Park

Kumana was formerly known as Yala East National Park, but changed to its present name in 2006. Kumana National Park located in south east corner of Sri Lanka covering 18,149 ha and is well-known for its ‘Kumana Villu’, the swampy mangrove forest, where a multitude of birds breed and roost. Kumana Bird Sanctuary, declared in 1938, is included within the Kumana National Park and is one of the most important bird nesting and breeding grounds in Sri Lanka. 255 species of birds have been recorded in the national park. Thousands of birds migrate to the Kumana swamp area during their annual migratory season from August to April. Kumana is one of the best places to watch rare species such as black-necked stork. Number of brackish lagoons skirted by exposed mud flats, along the coastal belt of the park provides spectacular feeding grounds for the migratory water birds. Undisturbed coastal beach is frequently visited by the nesting sea turtles as the vast grasslands around the lagoons become a favorable feeding ground for large herbivores such as elephants, wild buffalo and deer. Due to the abundance of pray in Kumana, it is also best location to observe leopards too.

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